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What we should know about Burkina Faso
17-03-2019 By Layla van Wieringen & Stijn Gabriël
Group put the deteriorating security situation on its infamous “Global Watchlist”, underlining the gravity of the situation. Especially the last two months have seen a grave degradation: more than 70.000 people were forced to leave their homes. The changes in the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ travel advice (pictured below) for Burkina Faso demonstrates clearly how rapidly the violence has spread. Travelling to the red areas is strongly advised against, whereas the orange areas should only be travelled if no alternative is available. Read more →
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Building Bridges
10-03-2019 By David Mendelssohn 
We all know the symbolic function of ‘building bridges’, it could easily be the theme of a political conference about regional integration and cooperation. This Sunday Read, however, focuses on the completion of two sea bridges in 2018, the biggest of their kind. One in Europe, connecting Russia’s Krasnodar region with the Crimean peninsula by crossing the Kerch strait. The other is the longest bridge in the world and connects China’s Guangdong province with Hong Kong and Macau. Both projects have come at extraordinary cost in terms of budget, engineering and human sacrifice. The question arises for what reason these projects were realized. Besides infrastructural and economic interests, this article will show that the leaders of Russia and China have personal interests in using the bridges to further their political and geopolitical agendas. These interests involve, among others, political unity, power projection and controversial territorial claims.Read more →
The dark side of Liberal Internationalism
 By Marijn van Rees
Liberal internationalism is in crisis and the West is in decline. Or so we are told, at least. Disruption among the P5 in the UN Security Council, leading to paralysis over Syria, proved telling for the shifting power configurations that supposedly undermine the liberal order. However, rather than talking of crisis and decline, we should seize the opportunity to engage in some critical self-reflection. Liberal internationalism has a dark side that non-Western countries know all too well, but is often overlooked in the West. Read more →
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By Koen de Hek
Since April 2014, the Netherlands has been contributing to the ongoing United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission in Mali, known as the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). According to the Ministry of Defence, the main purpose of the Dutch troops in Mali was to be the ‘eyes and ears' of the UN mission. On the first of May 2019, the Dutch military will officially withdraw from the Mali mission, four months later than was originally planned. This gives us the opportunity to look back upon the Dutch contribution to the Mali mission and ask ourselves the question: Was it really worth sending Dutch soldiers to Mali?
Read more →
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By Giles Longley-Cook
In geopolitics, it is highly dangerous to have a powerful enemy who is both obstinate and erratic. To have an ally like that can be just as dangerous. Continuing their record for misfortune, the Kurds have been saddled with both at onceRead more →


10-02-2019 By Valérie Deridder

What do tech billionaires such as Jeff Bezos and Elon Musk have in common besides money and a disappointing love life? They both own a satellite company, are involved in the spaceflight industry, and have an unprecedented degree of power in society. Read more →


 By Aileen Schuurmans ~
The EU is imposing sanctions against Iran after its involvement with two murders on Dutch soil. However, critics say the measures taken are rather soft and seem to appease Iran. In this week’s Sunday Read, editor Aileen Schuurmans explains the EU’s strategy in dealing with Iran in her JASON debut. Read more →


27-01-2019 By Steven van der Plas ~
It has already been half a year since the Dutch government implemented the new law on intelligence and security services (WIV). This piece of legislature was the subject of intense political and societal debate, even leading to a national referendum. In this week's Sunday Read, JASON editor Steven van der Plas evaluates this controversial pieces of legislation. Read more →
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20-01-2019 By Daniël Stuke ~
While the whole of the UK and EU anxiously hold their breath to see how Brexit will develop, not much attention is paid to its potential consequences for the EU's security environment. In this week's Sunday Read, JASON editor Daniël Stuke takes a closer look at the UK's role in defense, intelligence and security cooperation post-Brexit. Read more →
By Sander Mulder ~
2018 has been a turbulent political year all over the world, ranging from the election of populist leaders to changing international power dynamics and rise of non-state terrorist actors. We can never predicted what the new year will have in store, but based on the developments of the past year, here are six trends to look out for in 2019. Read more →

The Global Chessboard of Power Politics in the South Pacific
23-12-2018 By Emanuel Skoog ~
In November this year, Papua New Guinea, the U.S. and Australia announced a joint initiative at Lombrum Naval Base on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea. This announcement is the result of China’s growing power in the region. For the last Sunday Read of 2018, Emanuel Skoog delves into the increased military and naval activity in the region. Read more →
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JASON Institute recently held its yearly conference on hybrid warfare with topics ranging from cyber crime to disinformation and artificial intelligence. In this week's Sunday Read, you can read the folder that was handed out during the conference, consisting of three insightful articles. Both for those who were not able to attend or want to dive further into this topic. 
Read more →
09-12-2018 By David Mendelssohn ~
For over 70 years, article 9 of the Japanese constitution has guaranteed Japan’s pacifism. However, given the rising tensions in East-Asia, prime Minister Shinzo Abe is considering amending this article. In this Sunday Read, David Mendelssohn will analyse the domestic and international implications of such an amendment. Read more →

02-12-2018 By Tarik Soliman Osman ~
We live in an increasingly polarized and confusing world, where hate and love for the 'other' is preached simultaneously. On the streets of politically engaged Berlin, the contrast could not be more stark. This week, JASON editor Tarik Soliman Osman shares his experiences in a column that hits home. Read more →
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25-11-2018 By Matthijs Olde ~
Next week is JASON Institute's Conference: Crash Course on Hybrid Warfare. As a warming-up, Matthijs Olde has researched the historical linkages between Russia's hybrid warfare strategy nowadays and in the Cold War. Can we actually speak of a 'new' phenomenon? Read more →

Trump and the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty: Why he is right and why he is wrong
18-11-2018 By Ruben Tavenier ~
The US are planning on terminating the treaty that prevents the testing, producing and possession of intermediate-range nuclear missiles. Although this may seem like a reckless move, there is an argument to be made in favor of withdrawal from the treaty. In this week's Sunday Read, JASON editor Ruben Tavenier explains why Trump is right, and why he is wrong.
Read more →
Securing the front yard: Explaining China's assertive strategy in the South China sea
By Matthijs Olde ~
On the 30th of November, JASON organises a  conference on hybrid warfare. Leading up to the event, this week’s Sunday Read focuses on the strategic future of China in the South Chinese Sea. What drives Beijing dominant behaviour in the region? Our editor Matthijs Olde explains everything. Read more →      
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Blessing and curse: A world made of plastic
04-11-2018 By Willemijn Bertels ~
Plastic is all around us: From the shelves of our supermarket to the food on our plate. In this week's Sunday Read, JASON's editor in chief Willemijn Bertels argues why this problem affects all of us, and why we should all take responsibility for it.Read more →

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Dangerous News: How press freedom deteriorates as journalists face growing threats around the world
28-10-2018 By Charley Steur ~ The brutal murder on Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi is a crude example of the extensive threats journalists around the world are facing today. In this week's Sunday Read, JASON-editor Charley Steur explains why there has never been a more dangerous time to be a journalist.Read more →

The comeback of caudillos in Latin America
21-10-2018 By Alba Léon It is becoming apparent that the liberal democratic ideal is having a hard time, all around the world. In many countries, governments have become synonymous with their charismatic rulers. From Russia to the Philippines, from Viktor Orbán’s Hungary to Venezuela’s Maduro, these strong men have promised that their strength will move the national economy forward, thereby outgrowing the problems that plagued their countries under previous democratic regimes. Read more →
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Dissecting Distrust: Multicultural Society and Social Cohesion
 By Bas Kleijweg Back in August, Minister of Foreign Affairs Stef Blok was forced to apologize for comments he had made in an ostensibly private speech. In that speech, Blok remarked that there was no such thing as a successful multicultural society and called Surinam a failed state. Read more →

Up close and personal: Through the eyes of Al-Qaeda
07-10-2018 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ Jonathan Hacker and Thomas Small's 2014 book 'Path of Blood' opens with a scene that sets the tone well for the subsequent narrative. In unsparing detail, the authors recount a Saudi police raid on an Al Qaeda safe house, which swiftly turns into a bloody shoot-out. When the smoke clears, the authorities discover a vast quantity of footage shot by the jihadis' own internal media team, and the frozen head of one of their victims. Read more →

'This is not about creating a pink ghetto'
30-09-2018 By Agata Chmiel ~ On September 21 and 22, Canada hosted the first-ever female foreign ministers summit. Politicians coming from 17 states, including Indonesia, Croatia, South Africa, Sweden and Ghana, gathered to discuss some of the most pressing international issues. Read more →

Challenging times for the EU - Why we should care about its new budget ceiling
23-09-2018 By Steven van der Plas On the 14th of September 2018, head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker gave his annual State of the Union speech to the European Parliament, in which he addressed several major issues and prospects for future EU budgets [1]. The last years have not been kind to the EU, with migration issues and subsequent right-wing backlash threatening the support for EU cooperation in many member states. Read more →
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From Opium Wars to a New ''Ice'' Age
16-09-2018 By Lewie Clough ~
Myanmar has always been one of the world's largest opium producers. Recently, ethnic armed organisations have shifted their focus towards more synthetic drugs. What are the effects of this shift on the national peace process? Find out in our Sunday Read! Read more →

The world is not enough - President Trump's quest for a ''space force''
By Emanuel Skoog ~ In mid-June this year, the U.S. President Trump announced the creation of an additional branch of the U.S. military, complimentary to the existing Army, Air Force, Coast Guard, Marine Corps and Navy branches. This “space force” should be “separate but equal” to the U.S. Air Force and strengthen both national security and the economy [1]. The proposed creation of a space force has been compared by some to the moment when the U.S. Air Force was established as a separate entity from the U.S. Army, by an act of Congress. Up until 1947, the U.S. Air Force had been a subordinate part of the U.S. Army. Read more →

The Central Asian Pivot
02-09-2018 By Daniel Stuke & Niels van de Ven ~ Central Asia finds itself on the cusp of major geopolitical changes, driven primarily by China’s powerful economic engine. The Central Asian republics are traditionally a solid part of the Russian sphere of influence, but a reorientation is happening. Whereas Russia finds itself in a slow and painful decline, Chinese power is continuously expanding, and the republics look to Beijing. As Central Asia seems poised to shift from the Russian to the Chinese sphere of influence, the question arises: how will this affect the dynamic of great power politics on the continent? Read more →

Russia and Japan at odds: The Kuril Islands dispute
19-08-2018 By C. Morrin ~ Surprisingly enough Japan and Russia have never signed a World War II peace treaty, a consequence of their embroilment over several small islands: Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup/Etorofu and the Habomai group. The islands are part of the Kuril chain and are located north of the Japanese island Hokkaido, between Sea of Okhotsk and the North Pacific. Read more →

China's Growing Clout in the International Arms Trade
22-07-2018 By Emanuel Skoog China’s impressive economic growth during the last couple of decades in conjunction with its large-scale ongoing military modernization programs have facilitated its emergence as a major actor on the international arms trade stage. Is this trend probable to continue? Read more →
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Trump's collision course with Europe
15-07-2018 By Valerie Deridder It is easy to look back on historic agreements and find fault with them. We often tend to forget the climate of political unrest that preceded them and become critical of major milestones in international relations. Read more →

Inclusivity in Exclusivity: The European Union and its Identity Crises
01-07-2018 By Tarik Soliman Osman ~
The European Union, as a socio-political project, initially had mainly to do with the economic interdependence of Germany and France—two of the world’s most notorious historic rivals. By, after the Second World War, making them economically interdependent of one another, the expectation was that they would both refrain from forging war with one another ever again. Read more →

Failed States: an (un)safe haven for terrorists?
24-06-2018 By Charley Steur ~ Since the end of the Cold War era and especially since the attacks of 9/11 it has become conventional wisdom that the serious dangers posed to U.S. and world security are no longer military threats from rival great powers. Instead cross-border threats emanating from the world most poorly governed, economically stagnant, and conflict-ridden countries are perceived the biggest threat to international security. Therefore, failing states are often associated with transnational terrorism. However, this perceived causal relation between transnational terrorism and failing states is based on gross assumptions. Read more →

GDPR: Match- or deal breaker for security and privacy?
10-06-2018 By Agata Chmiel ~ Unless you have not checked your inbox for the past two weeks, you probably have heard of the EU’s new regulation on data privacy which came into force on the 28th of May. The General Data Protection Regulation is a directly enforceable piece of EU legislation, which hands the control of personal data back to individuals. Throughout seven years of its development, the policy has received both, high acclaims and alarming dissents. This year is a peak of the debate and many questions are left unanswered. One of them is the GDPR’s impact on cybersecurity – how will the legislation affect cybercrime prospects? Read more →
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Dealing with Hybrid Realities on the ground in Somalia: 'the customer is always right, right?' Pt. 2
 By Marco Hekkens & Charley Steur ~ Last week we talked to our Marco Hekkens about the need for a comprehensive approach towards the maritime security capacity building efforts in Somalia. This week we look at some of the lessons learned and how these lessons can be implemented in the future. Read more →

From curveball to the Gerasimov doctrine: a warning of strategic groupthink?
By J.M. (Matthijs) Olde ~ Hybrid warfare, disinformation campaigns and election meddling have been the keywords used to describe the foreign policy strategy of Russia of the last few years. They have been discussed at length in literature, books, and even at the highest ranks of western militaries and governments. And for the initiated, these concepts all relate back to the all-encompassing Russian strategy of chaos, better known as the ‘Gerasimov Doctrine’ after an article by the Russian Chief of the General Staff, General Valery Gerasimov. Read more →

Why we should be optimistic on the recent events regarding MH17
27-05-2018 By Steven van der Plas ~ On 17 July 2014 Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was brought down over eastern Ukraine. Last week, four years after the incident, international investigators of the Joint Investigation Team (JIT), claimed that Russia was the culprit behind the disaster. The JIT already claimed that a BUK type surface-to-air missile was responsible for the crash, but new evidence points directly to the Russian 53rd anti-aircraft missile brigade based in Kursk as the origin of the BUK system that fatally shot down the aircraft. Read more →
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Dealing with Hybrid Realities on the ground in Somalia: 'the customer is always right, right'?
21-05-2018 By Marco Hekkens & Charley Steur ~ “Look at me! I am the captain now.” When one thinks of Somalia’s maritime security, people immediately assume protection from Captain Philips-like imagery. However, while piracy tremendously diminished in Somalia in the last years, maritime security in the seas around Somalia is a highly complex phenomenon. It involves a variety of issues as well as a multiplicity of external responders. Read more →
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Will The Upcoming US-North Korean Summit be Successful? 3 Reasons to be Cautious
20-05-2018 By Ruben Tavenier ~ It seems like North Korea has made a 180 degree turn in its behavior, in comparison to not more than half a year ago. Powerful images of North and South Korean leaders holding hands on the demilitarized zone, while both leading the other respectfully into their own country show a strong signal of rapprochement. Rhetoric has become more constructive, and signs of good will are carefully but consciously being made. Read more →
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Artificial Diplomats: Thoughts about the A.I. and the diplomatic profession
06-05-2018 By Rik van Dijk ~ Artificial Intelligence is one of the most hyped developments of the 21th century. Researchers, pundits and policymakers alike philosophize and speculate how A.I. will change the way we travel, leisure and work. A 2017 McKinsey report estimated that as much as 30% of jobs will be automated the coming 20 years. Read more →

Troubles in the ''Marvellous City''
29-04-2018 By Emanuel Skoog ~ “Cidade maravilhosa” meaning marvellous city, also known as Rio de Janeiro. What first comes to mind when one thinks of this, as the locals refer to it, marvellous city, are the Rio carnival, Copacabana beach, almost perpetual sunshine and the recent Olympic Games. However, the city has also seen escalating levels of violence with national TV news bulletins broadcasting footage of heavily armed gangs robbing tourists and the death of three police officers during this year’s carnival. Read more →

At the heart Myanmar's Peace Process: DDR, SSR, or both?
23-04-2018 By Martine van Mil As Myanmar readies itself for the third 21st Century Panglong Peace Conference scheduled this May, a critical debate about the future of the country’s security sector appears to be at the heart of the ongoing negotiations. A particular contentious topic that generates a heated debate between the ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) and the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw) is the discussion on disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR). Read more →

Between Alexander and the White Tower - The monuments of Northern Greece and what they tell us about the modern state
 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ Walking along the promenade on Thessaloniki's harbour is an eclectic sensory experience. At various points on the way one is confronted with monuments dedicated to a glorious past which, as such monuments often do, also serve as reminders of present disputes. Until its recent move to a different port, the first you would come across was the moored armoured cruiser, The Georios Averof. Though not much to look at by modern standards, the ship was the pride of the Greek navy when it was launched in 1910. Two years later it would go on to trounce the Turkish fleet during the First Balkan War. Read more →
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Ex Machina - Killer Robots and the End of Humanity
08-04-2018 By Daniel Stuke ~ If we don't do something now, humanity could face extinction in a matter of years. That is the worry about the threat of lethal autonomous weapon systems, as expressed by numerous experts in the field of Artificial Intelligence and robotics. To the uninitiated, such overwrought predictions will sound more than a little paranoid. But the danger posed by so-called killer robots is real and imminent. What must be done? Read more →

DR Congo's forgotten mega crisis
01-04-2018 By Caitlin Morrin ~ Last week the EU pressed the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to take part in a conference, scheduled for the 13th of April, aimed at tackling the humanitarian crisis in the African country. The donor meeting, organised by the EU, UN, the Netherlands and the United Arab Emirates, comes as the humanitarian situation in the DRC is worsening by the day. Since 2016 a surge of violence has swept through the country, killing thousands, displacing over 4 million people within Congo, and causing half a million people to flee to neighbouring countries.  Read more →
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The Dutch Strategy on Cyber:  Let’s fill in the norms
By Rik van Dijk ~ This week the new Minister of Foreign Affairs Stef Blok released the Geïntegreerde Buitenland- en Veiligheidsstrategie (GBVS), the international Defense and Foreign Affairs strategy. The strategy, titled “Wereldwijd voor een veiliger Nederland” (Global for a safer Netherlands), projects the Dutch priorities in the areas of defense and foreign affairs for the coming four years. Read more →
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Meet the Man who put realism back in Trump's Foreign Policy
By Casper Stap ~  Trump was elected in office with his now famous message of America First. According to Trump America should be done with its foreign entanglements, with its wars in jungles and deserts thousands of miles away, with its vast spending in cross-Atlantic partnerships in which allies relax and sit back, just done with that leadership role that only seemed to cost America its shiny flair. Now, more than a year into his presidency, the US have not withdrawn from NATO, the US have sent  additional troops to the Middle East, and the US are still all over the world reaffirming allies that the US will still be there, standing right next to them. Trump might have scratched his head a few times in the past year, wondering how America’s foreign policy still ended up so much the same. Meet Robert Gates, the man who put realism back in Trump’s foreign policy. Read more →

Of Tariffs and Trade
11-03-2018 By Alba Leon ~ For decades, the United States and the European Union championed an international political and economic system based on institutions such as the World Trade Organization, whose mission is ensuring that trade “flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible.” Yet, the balance of power in this system has been dramatically altered with the administration of Donald Trump. Just last year during the World Economic Forum, China signaled that they would be willing to champion free trade, as well as the Paris climate change accord. The country, which has generally been seen as fiercely protectionist, emphasized that nobody would benefit from a trade war or from closing borders. The former champion of free trade, the United States, seems to now have moved its policy towards a more protectionist stance. Read more →

“Never Again?” The Gap between Promise and Practice in the Prevention of Genocide after 1945
04-03-2018 By Charley Steur ~ “Never again”, a phrase often chanted by the international community after the horrors committed by Nazi-Germany during World War II. This strong rhetoric emphasized the commitment and need for action by the international community to prevent such mass atrocities in the future. However, decades later it is clear that the international community could not keep up with this commitment. Read more →

Putin's Ambition: the Real Threat?
25-02-2018 By J.M. Olde ~ On the 13th of February, Halbe Zijlstra stepped down as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Dutch government after a lie about attending a meeting in which the Russian president Vladimir Putin underlined his plans for a reunited and expanded Russia. This lie led to the premature end of his political career, but his warning about Putin’s ambitions aren’t new. Observers of Euro-Russian relations have warned of similar ambitions of Putin before, and since the invasion of Crimea, these ideas might contain some truths. The Russian leadership has indeed shown itself to be an opportunist, ambitious and willing to use varying forms of hybrid warfare to undermine other countries. However, prospects of Russian internal instability might be much more of a risk in the coming years. Read more →

Hybrid Warfare vs. Strategic Deterrence
By Ruben Tavenier ~ Russian hackers were responsible for hacking the email accounts of members of the Democratic National Committee, which severely affected the presidential campaign of both sides (Chivvis, 2017, p318). Additionally, Russian hackers launched two cyber-attacks on Ukraine in the winter of 2015 and 2016. They successfully caused damage to the electrical grid of Ukraine, leaving over 100.000 people without power in the winter. These attacks are in line with the increased levels of Russian assertiveness (De Spiegeleire, 2016). The Russian interference in US domestic politics and the cyber-attacks on the energy infrastructure of Ukraine are both prime examples of a paradigm shift that has taken place in Russia. Russia has shifted its focus from military and nuclear deterrence, to a new form of deterrence in which nuclear, military and non-military means are combined Read more →

Resource wars à la Kremlin
11-02-2018 By Mercedes Abdalla ~ The Russian leadership has indiscriminately been using its natural resources as a tool to exert political pressure - be it against its adversaries or allies. And new episodes are in full swing of Russia’s resource war series. A long-running dispute over gas supplies between Ukraine’s Naftogaz and the Russian gas giant, Gazprom has been paralyzing the already extensively worsened relations between the two countries. Read more →

Looking at the Dutch law on intelligence and security services and the current debate
04-02-2018 By Steven van der Plas ~ On the 26th of January 2018, Dutch media channels were dominated by a report from journalists of the Dutch newspapers Volkskrant and Nieuwsuur. The report shed light on the activities of the Dutch intelligence services (AIVD) in recent years, most notably its infiltration of important Russian hacking groups and its crucial role in helping the US against cyberattacks from Russia. Through its unnoticed infiltration, the AIVD was able to supply the US with important information when these Russian hacking groups attacked the US ministry of foreign affairs and the white house in 2014. In exchange, the Netherlands received technical knowledge and intelligence from the United States. Read more →
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Uit de schimmen: kijken naar de rol van private beveiligers in de strijdkrachten
28-01-2018 Door Rik van Dijk ~ Afgelopen week stemde de Tweede Kamer over een initiatiefvoorstel van Han ten Broeke (VVD) en Martijn van Helvert (CDA) over het toestaan van gewapende beveiligers op Nederlandse koopvaardijschepen. De Nederlandse koopvaardij, zo beargumenteerden de Leden, lopen orders mis omdat alleen vessel protection detachments (VPD's) van Defensie hun boten mogen verdedigen en die zijn vaak of erg duur of niet beschikbaar. Lees verder →


How much Bitcoin for a Truce?
13-01-2018 By Agata Chmiel ~ On December 3rd 2017,Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro declared a financial“world war" against the countries imposing economic sanctions on Venezuela. For this purpose, he is launching a new cryptocurrency called ‘petro’, which is to “advance in issues of [Venezuelan] monetary sovereignty”combat “Washington-backed conspiracy to sabotage his government”, and to “overcome the financial blockade”. Should Maduro’s plan work out, then we’ll have a first example of cryptocurrency’s usage in international diplomacy. Read more →
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Managed Democracy by Other Means; How postmodern Authoritarianism overtook modern culture, and threatens global stability
07-01-2018 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ Despite the frequently hysterical associations made by the press, Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin actually seem to have just one truly common feature. That is their phenomenal ability to remain both ubiquitous and indefinable. One simply cannot avoid them, both via the traditional strongman platforms of countless t-shirts, car bumpers and other regalia, and via endless media scrutiny, in Trump’s case as much because of his own verbal-diarrhea online, and for Putin because of the Western media’s almost mythical obsession with him. Why then, despite endless inspection, do they succeed remaining so utterly unpredictable and unaccountable? Read more →
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World Peace: Its Future in Times of Greater Uncertainty
26-12-2017 By Alba Leon ~ It is a truth well established that the world, as seen through the lens of international relations, is in a state of anarchy.[1] Sometimes, for brief periods, a system arises that will make relative sense of the chaos. But chaos is the state that relations between states will revert to if we look away, even if only for a moment. And apparently we’ve all been looking away. Read more →
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Oil, gas and geopolitics: behind china's three phase solution to the Rohingya crisis
17-12-2017 By Martine van Mil ~ As the international community watched the Myanmar military carry out its highly controversial counter-insurgency campaign in Rakhine State, Beijing constantly refused to condemn the atrocities perpetrated by Myanmar’s security forces. Instead, China blocked the attempts by the United Nations Security Council to pass a resolution condemning the attacks, arguing that foreign interference is not the solution and echoing Myanmar’s official narrative that justifies the attacks on the grounds of fighting terrorism and safeguarding national security. Read more →

Foreign Policy Improv
10-12-2017 By Daniel Stuke ~ In the past, some US presidents have adopted very precisely-defined and circumscribed foreign policy doctrines. Others instead based their foreign policy agenda on more abstract concepts and ideas. However, what every US president in recent history has had in common, is that they have adopted a set of coherent, intelligible ideas which formed the foundation on which they based their foreign policy standpoints. Contrast this with the incumbent president's smattering of haphazard and contradictory statements, and it quickly becomes apparent that Donald Trump's off-the-cuff foreign policy means we have now entered uncharted territory. Read more →
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The nuclear threat coming from hostile Indian-Pakistani relations
03-12-2017 By Caitlin Morrin ~ Currently the world’s gaze turns to North-Korea when addressing the threat of nuclear weapons, but this isn’t the only Asian state we should be watching carefully. The hostile relationship between Pakistan and India also brings with it nuclear danger. These two neighbouring countries have a long history of adversarial relations, derived particularly from the conflict over the Kashmir region. Since 1998 both countries have nuclear weapons, exacerbating an already precarious situation. As noted by Sameer Lalwani, an export on the region: "It's the only place in the world where you have two nuclear powers regularly, almost on a daily basis, shooting at each other". Read more →
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Point of No Return? Challenging targeted killing as a counterterrorism measure
26-11-2017 By Charley Steur ~ Given the prevailing situation in Syria and Iraq, there is an immense pressure on Western leaders and policy makers to take urgent and forceful measures against foreign fighters. The British government, for example, issued a targeted attack in Syria in 2015 that killed two British citizens fighting with the Islamic State (ISIS). In the Netherlands, a far less violent measure was taken last year, when four jihadists lost their Dutch identity. There is much discussion on how to deal with this threat. Read more →

NATO’s past and future: Why returning to cold war capacity is not the right option
By Steven van der Plas ~ On the 8th of November this year, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announced that NATO will open two new headquarters in Europe [1]. The headquarters will serve important roles in implementing new command structures in order to bolster NATO’s effective response to a possible Russian threat [1]. These decisions have been the latest developments in the effort to increase NATO’s capacity in eastern Europe and the Atlantic. This trend began in 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea and established itself as a possible threat to stability in eastern Europe. Read more →

Convenient Crises? Terrorism and Counterterrorism in the Political Arena
14-11-2017 By Casper Stap ~ ‘Never let a good crisis go to waste’. Although the person behind this quote – president Obama’s former Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel – most likely did not refer to it when he said it, the quote is awkwardly applicable to terrorist attacks. Just like any other crisis, a terrorist attack often gives room for reform. But does all reform necessarily fit the crisis? A look at the uncomfortable political nature of how governments react to terrorist attacks.Read more →

The crossroad in the EU’s security strategy
5-11-2017 By Wouter Witteveen ~ Since 2015 the European Union has seen a large influx of refugees due to ongoing wars in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Northern Africa. This refugee crisis resulted in thousands of deaths on the Mediterranean Sea and over 1.2 million refugees making it to the EU in 2016 alone. It has become the newest example of the European Union’s incapability in dealing with security issues. Whether it is a common security strategy, a European Union army or human security issues, the EU shows a lack of adaptability to new crises. This incapability stems from several reasons and, without major changes, will remain a problem in the future. How can this weakness ever be turned around? Read more →

Libanon's nieuwe leger (deel 2)
29-10-2017 Door Christiaan Duinmaijer ~ In het eerste deel van dit artikel is op de machtspositie van Hezbollah in Libanon en de rol en status van het Libanese leger voorafgaand aan het uitbreken van de Syrische burgeroorlog in 2011 ingegaan. In dit afsluitende deel  wordt ingegaan op de gevolgen van de Syrische burgeroorlog op deze partijen en wat de toekomst zal brengen. Lees verder →

Libanon’s nieuwe leger (deel 1)
22-10-2017 Door Christiaan Duinmaijer   ~ “Wij hebben de oorlog gewonnen…[De strijd tegen] ISIS en al-Nusra [was] de grootste test die wij hebben meegemaakt sinds 2010 en gevaarlijker dan de oorlog van juli 2006.”[1] Triomfantelijke woorden van Hassan Nasrallah, secretaris-generaal van Hezbollah, na de overwinning van zijn milities tegen de terreurgroepen ISIS en al-Nusra in de bergen langs de Syrisch-Libanese grens. Hezbollah wist binnen twee maanden gebied te veroveren dat jarenlang in handen was gebleven van deze terreurgroepen en succesvol de overgave van deze groepen te onderhandelen, terwijl het Libanese leger moest toekijken. Deze overwinning heeft zonder meer grote gevolgen voor de machtsverhoudingen in Libanon en de veiligheidssituatie in de regio, maar hoe machtig is Hezbollah nu echt? Lees verder →

The second coming of seperatism in Europe
8-10-2017 By Alba Leon ~ The wars of the 20th Century were of a marked nationalistic or even tribal nature. And there was a small chance, and high hopes, that the 21st Century would then be about the post-national. With global menaces such as global warming looming large, it would seem that the most obvious, perhaps the only, solution is to think beyond the immediate, the local, and to embrace globalisation as a force to find solutions. But neat narratives do not exist, as the cases of Germany and Spain show. Read more →

Why we should not forget the Yemeni civil war
01-10-2017 By Niels van de Ven ~ The war in Yemen between the internationally recognized and Saudi-backed Yemeni government and northern Yemeni Houthi-rebels has been raging since March 2015. However, in the West only relatively little attention has been paid to the conflict. In the words of UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen Jamie McGoldrick: “It’s probably one of the biggest crises in the world, but it’s like a silent crisis, a silent situation and a forgotten war.” However, there are several reasons why increased attention in Western public and policy elites would be justified. Read more →
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The Lost Internationale: In a globalized and individualized age, can we still make sense of international volunteers?
24-09-2017 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ How does one define a foreign fighter in a ‘Global War on Terror’, in which both sides have declared the entire world a battlefield? The disintegration of belief in strong national ties, under the weight of a number of factors, has contributed hugely to the rise of an apolitical, confused and often hysterical understanding of the phenomenon of foreign volunteers in the world’s most heavily covered conflicts. Read more →

Politicization of ‘disaster myths’: The case of post-Irma looting
17-09-2017 By Agata Chmiel ~ As the “strongest Atlantic basin hurricane” [1] so far, Hurricane Irma has been gathering increasing media attention for the past two weeks. Among daily updates on death tolls, damage and upcoming threats, there seems to be an increasing media focus on societal consequences of this natural disaster. One of the main issues that have been circulating around social media and various online news platforms [2] is looting. Read more →

The Venezuelan Crisis and the Dutch Disease
10-09-2017 By Ruben Tavenier ~ As of 2011, Venezuela is the country with the world's highest proven oil reserves.  One would expect Venezuela, a country with an abundance of oil, to be relatively prosperous, or at least economically healthy, but for Venezuela, the exact opposite is the case. A socio-economic crisis broke out, inflation is up to 800%, food and medicine is hard to get a hold of and several protests have taken place. This phenomenon, where a country with a vast amount of a valuable resource such as oil is economically unhealthy is called the resource curse. Read more →


The evolution of German foreign policy
03-09-2017 By Emanuel Skoog ~ German foreign policy has over the last decades been an oxymoron. An economic dynamo with the possibility for an integral leadership role in Europe, however, the country has often been accused of subscribing to a too cautious or uncooperative approach in addressing European and transatlantic challenges [1]. At the same time, expectations pertaining to German leadership have only continued to grow as frequent internal and external crises have plagued the continent. Read more →
Defining the human rights paradox: jihadism and counter terrorism
20-08-2017 By Claudia Elion ~ In the past three years, jihadist attacks in European cities killed more than 200 people. Over 5.000 European citizens went to Syria to engage in combat. And the Bataclan and Stade de France attacks were one of the most complex terrorist operations ever carried out in Europe. It is therefore no wonder that Europeans view the scourge of ISIS as one of the greatest threats to democracies, and that governments in their counter-terrorist policies act likewise. Worrying is, however, the equation of violent jihadism with Islam more broadly, which leads to potential human rights violations including the limitation of many European citizens' freedoms of religion, expression and assembly. Read more →
Compulsory re-integration for foreign fighters
18-08-2017 By Rik Evers ~ Since 2012, over 4000 European citizens have left their country in order to join the Syrian conflict. It is estimated that as many as 30% of these foreign fighters have returned [1]. This is a major concern for many European countries, where many fear returning foreign fighters will commit attacks on their own soil. This fear is not unfounded, as we have seen with the attack on the Jewish museum in Brussels on 24 May 2014, the Paris attacks of 13 November 2015 and the attempted shooting on the Thalys train between Brussels and Paris on 21 August 2015. Read more →

'The Israel problem': How the West constructs the War in the Holy Land
By Maarten Lemmens ~ In present Western discourse, the 'Israel problem is often constructed as a never-ending 'overseas conflict': something which is the logical persistence of an ancient hostility between foreign peoples and religions. This view undermines the hope for a quick solution for the Levant and fundamentally obscures the role the West played in creating what it conceptualizes as the 'Israel problem'. We should approach the Israel problem as a recent question which emerged due to Western actions. Read more →


Plankton and climate change - Can plankton save our planet?
23-07-2017 By Karlijn Arts ~ At first glance, you'll probably think: how does this topic relate to peace and security studies? Well, man-made climate change should be on top of the bill for JASON magazine as the biggest threat to our planet is exactly that. Not the Islamic State with their attacks, not Kim Jong-un with his childlike behavior and not even Trump, who is as unpredictable and impulsive as the last gentlemen I've recalled. No: it is man-made climate change: we are causing a sixth mass extinction on this planet. Really. All by our selves. Read more →

Let's stop pretending we don't negotiate with terrorists
16-07-2017 By Eline Hietbrink ~ On June 18, 1985, then President of the United States Ronald Raegan stated: 'let me further make it plain ... that America will never make concessions to terrorists – to do so would only invite more terrorism'. This claim would be reiterated by many of his successors, and the political leaders of numerous other nations took on the no-negotiation stance against terrorism as well. However, the Reagan administration itself already deviated from this policy in September 1985, when it traded arms in order to obtain the freedom of an American citizen. This deviation from the official policy on terrorism seems to be adopted by leaders around the world as much as Reagan's no-negotiation policy was in the first place. Read more →

An Unstable Path: Recent US Intervention in Latin America
09-07-2017 By Alba León ~ The current US administration, led by Donald J. Trump, has made no effort to hide its animosity and perhaps even disdain towards Latin America. Mexico, due to its porous border with the northern giant, has been at the receiving end of most of the remarks; from the 'bad hombres' who had moved north to rape and loot, to the 'Build the wall' chants that could be heard at Mr Trump's rallies. While a small segment of public opinion may be mobilised by these remarks, the consequences of policy are the real issue for the continent. Read more →
Bastille_2007-05-06_anti_Sarkozy_4876336 The Pageantry of Political Violence
05-07-2017 By Bas Kleijweg ~ In the Palestinian movie Paradise Now, there is a scene in which the two protagonists record a video testimony for their kin, planning to blow themselves up in a suicide attack against the Israeli occupation. The recording goes clumsily and a second take has to be done, showing the ridiculous pomp inherent in such attempts at martyrdom. The movie was made in 2006. Contrast this elaborate planning and ritual with some of the more chaotic terrorist attacks of recent years: men armed only with knives and cars, driving into pedestrians or stabbing commuters. Read more →
The need for a renewed national identity

The need for a renewed national identity
25-06-2017 By Wouter Witteveen ~ Research (1) shows that we have increasing interest for our national history. We tend to read more and more books and magazines on the history of the Netherlands. We watch more historical documentaries, dissect our family tree and visit more archives, historical museums and archeological sites across the country than before. This could be the start of redeeming a sense of national pride. And with it come chances. Politicians, policy-makers and many scholars are wary of nationalism. In the eyes of these critics Dutch history is a tool. It is a means of letting immigrants know the Dutch culture. Or a means against chauvinism if one dares to forget the horrors committed by the VOC and emphasizes only the prosperity it brought. Read more →

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The July Apostasy of 1965 in Greece: a Royal Coup leading to the Regime of the Colonels
18-06-2017 By Panos Kontogiannis ~ The Greek State has repeatedly been faced with political crises in the majority of its modern history. During the 1960s, Greece was shaken by political clashes and violent social confrontations; incidents that were sealed with the military coup d'état in 1967. The institutional diversions, however, started much earlier and were concerned with electoral notes, murders of political actors and Royal arbitraries. At the same time, the economy was rising and the Greek society was affected by international current events such as youth uprisings and the music culture. Read more →


Interview with NATO General for Emerging Security Challenges Sorin Ducaru
10-06-2017 By Charley Steur ~ The security threats the world is confronted with nowadays are more complex than ever. Issues such as the fight against terrorism, energy security and cyber defence have pushed related security policies and action plans to the top of the national and international agenda. How is NATO dealing with these challenges and can NATO adapt to new security threats? JASON Institute had the special opportunity to discuss these important topics and NATO's transformation Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges: Ambassador Sorin Ducaru. Read the interview →
The re-rise of Europe
04-06-2017 By Floris van Wieren ~ Since Macron has been elected President of France, there has been a general positive mood in Europe. Europe and policymakers looked with great anxiety to the French elections, as the possibility of Marine Le Pen and her Front National winning were rising. She stated during her campaign that she would pursue a referendum on the possibility of leaving the European Union and the Eurozone. Read more →

Confronting and Defending Democracy in Paraguay
28-05-2017 By Iñigo Alexander ~ Paraguay is usually a discreet country and normally avoids the watchful eye of global Western media. The country has yet to reach the international political and economic prominence other Latin American countries enjoy. Paraguay seemingly keeps to itself. Developments are quickly glossed over, and little attention is paid to the country, something I myself am guilty of too. Read more →

Photo Tania Dimas.jpg From third-wave democracy to fourth-wave violence?
By Alba León ~ For years now, news from Latin America tried to highlight the successes in the region. After dark years of military rule and dictatorships that lasted in some cases into the 1980s, it seemed as if the region had found its footing. The so-called third wave of democracy was to refresh the political landscape from the Rio Grande to the Patagonia.
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Seceding from the European Union and its risks to international security
14-05-2017 By Rik Evers ~ Many political parties in Europe which can be characterized as right-wing populist, have seen a significant increase in popularity and votes. This poses a danger to Europe's international security due to these parties' promise to pull their country out of the EU. They claim that leaving the EU and becoming more “sovereign" will improve their security by (re)gaining control. But in fact, it will do the opposite. Read more →
The Golden Nectar of Nausea: The politics of Humiliation, from Il Duce to The Donald
07-05-2017 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ In a recent interview with Reuters, President Trump, the world's most powerful man, admitted that he never fathomed how difficult it would be holding the highest office in International politics. It is no wonder then that Trump has remained addicted to the flummery and pageantry of the campaign trail. Read more →
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Een actuele identiteitscrisis
28-04-2017 Door Sera Turan ~ Wanneer mensen de media moeten geloven, draait het allemaal om twee groepen tegen over elkaar: Gülen en Erdoğan aanhangers. Mijn twee zussen en ik zijn de dochters van een Nederlandse moeder en een Turkse vader en bij ons thuis is iedereen tegen beiden. Dit betekent niet dat er geen discussies zijn. De discussies zijn alleen anders van aard dan men misschien ... Lees verder →
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Indonesia's Engagement in United Nations (UN) Peace Operations: Opportunities and Challenges
23-04-2017 By Roderick Buiskool ~ Will Indonesia continue to step up its engagement in UN peace operations, and fulfil its potential as an emerging country in the realm of peace operations, or will the country be engrossed with internal conflicts, and lose credibility as a UN troop contributing country? This article is an edited version of Roderick's Bachelor thesis on Indonesia and the UN. Read more →
Hizbollah_flag.jpg Na Syrië zal Hezbollah de steun van de Arabische wereld weer terug moeten winnen
16-04-2017 Door Maarten Visser ~ Een jaar na het uitbreken van de oorlog in Syrië besloot Hezbollah de Syrische regeringstroepen van president Bashar al-Assad te steunen. De Sjiitische militie vormt samen met Iraanse, Russische en Syrische eenheden een bondgenootschap met als doel president Assad aan de macht te houden ... Lees verder →
Sweden's altering defence and security policy calculus
09-04-2017 By Emanuel Skoog ~ When people think of Sweden, the initial viewpoint that normally comes to people's minds is a country which adopted neutral positions during both World Wars and the Cold War. The country's policy of neutrality in armed conflicts has been the guiding defence and security policy framework since the early 19th century ... Read more →


Security cooperation is at stake in the Brexit divorce talks

05-04-2017 By Agata Chmiel ~ This past Wednesday, the United Kingdom's Prime Minister Theresa May triggered article 50 (2) of the TFEU [1], or in other words, sent signed divorce papers to her European counterpart, Donald Tusk. As in formal marriage disputes, at this point it is simply too late for a blame game. While PM May's letter suggests tackling several complex matters at once, ... Read more


The US must reconsider its partnership with Taiwan

26-03-2017 By Daniel Stuke ~ In February this year, Beijing escalated its already menacing language towards its island neighbour Taiwan, stating that “Independence means war". [1] This caused anxiety with its most powerful friend, the United States. As China continues to grow in power, adopting an increasingly assertive and belligerent posture towards its neighbour, the unofficial… Read more →


Een nieuwe kijk op preventie; van indammen naar voorkomen radicalisering

19-03-2017 Door Wouter Witteveen ~ Op 3 december 2015 schreef voormalig Kinderombudsman Marc Dullaert een brief [1] aan ministers Van der Steur en Asscher om zijn zorgen te uiten over de aanpak van polarisatie en radicalisering in Nederland. Hierin stelde hij dat “blijkt dat het thema voornamelijk vanuit een veiligheidsperspectief wordt aangevlogen. Ik zie te weinig… Read more →


The hardening of Europe's future – the need for 'Fortress Europe'

12-03-2017 By Kevin Benning & Niels van de Ven ~ With the collapse of the Soviet Union in late 1991 a lot of barriers came down. One result was the opening of the borders between several nation states, which resulted in a free flow of e.g. cargo, money and people. Furthermore, the European Union started to… Read more →


Op zoek naar evenwicht

05-03-2017 Door Floris Grijzenhout ~ Het was in de nacht van 8 op 9 november 2016 dat ik de President's Night bijwoonde in de Melkweg in Amsterdam. Het was een ervaring die ik niet snel zal vergeten: zelden heb ik zo'n eenheidsworst meegemaakt als bij die gebeurtenis. Afgezien van een uitgerangeerd ex-politicus die, verkleed als Donald… Read more →


Elections and the Power of Social Media

28-02-2017 By Panos Kontogiannis ~ Today social media has become more present in the daily life of global citizens. There are on average 295 million users of social media in Europe, a number equal to 40% of its total population. Facebook alone counts 232 million active users. The constant presence of social media changes the way… Read more →


Filibustering Neil Gorsuch

19-02-2017 By Dana Cohen ~ In February 2016, Associate Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) Antonin Scalia passed away. With his death, a seat opened up in the highest federal court of the country, which normally consists of nine justices (eight associate and one chief justice). It is the sitting president's job… Read more →


International Law and Maritime Disputes, a Tricky Game

12-02-2017 By Anca-Elena Ursu ~ This past week the South China Sea maritime disputes regained public attention when China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi declared that the People's Republic of China (PRC) expects Japan to comply with the 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Treaty and return the Chinese territory it took during the war, including… Read more →


The UN's light spot in the Syrian darkness

29-01-2017 By Claudia Elion~ 800.000 Tutsi's were killed during the Rwandan genocide. Over 480.000 Sudanese civilians were killed during the Darfur genocide. And 8.000 Bosniaks were killed during the Srebrenica genocide. And three times the international community promised “never again". But in Syria, already more than 450.000 civilians died during the war. To prevent more humanitarian… Read more →


Slavery is not dead, it is thriving

15-01-2017 By Agata Chmiel~ President Obama proclaimed January to be the US Human Trafficking Awareness Month [1], proving that the issue, not only in Americas but internationally, is on the rise. Throughout the last decade of economic and migration crises occurring across the globe, human trafficking in itself seems to have been off the main headlines… Read more →


A critical examination of radicalization models; on what to base counter-radicalization policy?

08-01-2017 By Wouter Witteveen ~ Since 2011 Europe has seen an outflux of roundabout 4000-5000 foreign fighters joining the fight in Syria and Iraq [1][2]. Almost all of these foreign fighters come from Western-European countries. The amount of citizens willing to fight their Jihad in Syria startled the Western-European leaders, who were not prepared for such… Read more →


A rollercoaster of a year, and what's ahead

25-12-2016 By Alba Leon ~ The Denial of Peter seems to be a good metaphor for the collective and worldwide denial of common sense that seems to be taking hold. Personally, I woke up to news that I couldn't believe was true three times this year. There were many others, but the main thread for these… Read more →


Book review: Arms and the Dudes

18-12-2016 By Rik van Dijk ~ Title: Arms and the Dudes: How Three Stoners from Miami Beach Became the Most Unlikely Gunrunners in History Author: Guy Lawson. As a disclaimer I must inform our readers that this book nor the movie it spawned is very new. However, I decided to write this review… Read more →


Russia's growing influence in the Black Sea

11-12-2016 By Emanuel Skoog ~ Since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014 NATO has focused greatly on working on its deterrence in the Baltic region with stepped up air patrols and the promise to dispatch troops there [1]. However, Russia is giving increased priority to expanding its military footprint and influence in the Black Sea region [2]. NATO's… Read more →


Have referenda become politically futile?

04-12-2016 By Iñigo Alexander ~ So far in 2016 we have encountered several politically surprising events and outcomes, the prime examples being Donald Trump's recent victory in the US Presidential election and the UK's calamitous Brexit vote. The rise of demagogic political rhetoric and the increased presence of right-wing politics have created a volatile and unpredictable… Read more →


Military Technology and the Mental Barrier of the Last War

27-11-2016 By Quint Hoekstra ~ For over a generation, Western militaries have spent much of their attention on improving military technology while neglecting the damaging effects of their memories of the last war. This mental barrier has prevented them from fully understanding the implications of the changing character of war and undermined their ability to win… Read more →


The Endurance of the 'Lazy Native' Myth; Colonialism's gift to globalized capital

14-11-2016 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ Amongst the plethora of conspiracy theories flung around by the present populist movements a common feature is that of a globalizing politician who somehow has the personal power and intelligence to manipulate vast, complex demographic shifts entirely for their own advantage. In these simplified narratives, demonic despots like Clinton and Merkel… Read more →


Erdogan's New Use of History; constructing a new Turkish past on the foundation of a 'glorious' Ottoman legacy

30-10-2016 By Maarten Lemmens ~ When standing in front of thousands of people in Istanbul celebrating the anniversary of the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople on May 30, 2015, The Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan referred back to the moment of his election as mayor of Istanbul in 1994. His subsequent tenure, he stated, 'was to serve… Read more →


Elections and Journalism in a Divided America: An Interview with NOS Correspondent Wouter Zwart

16-10-2016 This interview will appear in the upcoming edition of JASON Magazine, which is all about the US Elections. Make sure you do not miss it! In an exclusive interview for our American Election Special journalist and NOS correspondent in the United States Wouter Zwart was kind enough to enlighten us with his views on the presidential… Read more →


Democracy in the Arab World - Part 3: Better off with a dictator?

02-10-2016 By Christiaan Duinmaijer ~ This is the third and last in a series of three articles concerning democracy in the Arab World. In the 90's Francis Fukuyama wrote that liberal democracy would become universal, but nowadays democracy is often declared unfit for the Arab world: imposed by the West and incompatible with the main religion… Read more →


Democracy in the Arab World

18-09-2016 By Christiaan Duinmaijer ~ Part I: People's choice or imposed? This is the first in a series of three articles concerning democracy in the Arab World. – In the 90's Francis Fukuyama wrote that liberal democracy would become universal, but nowadays democracy is often declared unfit for the Arab world: imposed by the West and incompatible… Read more →


Morgenthau: Assessing the UN

21-08-2016 By Karlijn Arts ~ Back in 1945, during and shortly after the conferences which established the UN, Hans Morgenthau was critical about the creation of this major institution. He foresaw two major obstacles in the formation and functioning of the UN as a unifying, peace- and security keeping force. Firstly, he regarded the UN as lacking a single… Read more →


Four ways to avoid war with Russia

08-08-2016 By Quint Hoekstra ~ NATO is in desperate need of a strategy. For decades it has been accused of being a military alliance without an enemy but now that it has a clear adversary in Russia it lacks a coherent plan to confront it. Indeed, ever since the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine in 2014,… Read more →


The necessity of Israeli security policies for Europe

01-08-2016 By Kevin Benning and Niels van de Ven ~ The instability of states in North-Africa and the Middle East has given momentum to Islamic terrorist groups, with Islamic State as the main treat. After the start of the Syrian civil war, ISIS gained a lot of territory within Syria and Iraq. The actions of ISIS… Read more →


Spain's political maze

17-07-2016 By Iñigo Alexander ~ European politics seems to be at boiling point at the moment. The political turmoil in the United Kingdom following their departure from the European Union and the subsequent resignation of Leave campaigners such as UKIP's Nigel Farage has brought about an unprecedented political circumstance and has split the UK. Not to mention the recent terrorist… Read more →


Terror is winning: how the politics of Fear are destabilizing democracies

28-06-2016 By Giles Longley-Cook ~ The politics of Fear and urgency have been utilized by governments to override laws and make quick, often dubious decisions as well as to undermine the power of resistance. Recent atrocities in Europe and America display how this mentality is coming full circle, where the demonization of opposition as inherently violent has created an atmosphere… Read more →


Australia's delicate balancing act between China and the United States

12-06-2016 By Emanuel Skoog ~ When one thinks of Australia, the initial thoughts that usually come to people's minds are endless beaches, perpetual sunshine, exotic animals and a country far removed from the turmoil of for instance the Middle East and North Africa. However, Australia is finding itself in a region with growing strategic importance and increasing tension. With the… Read more →


The Mess of U.S. Primaries

05-06-2016 Door Dana Cohen ~ International media coverage of the American primary elections is largely focused on Republican candidate Donald Trump. The bouts of personal name-calling and even comparing of penis size between candidates before all but Trump decided to forfeit were there for all to enjoy, or detest. Meanwhile, important debates taking place within the American political sphere regarding… Read more →


Wat kunnen we verwachten van Hillary Clinton?

22-05-2016 Door Floris Grijzenhout ~ Het is de gebeurtenis waar de hele wereld naar uitkijkt. Eén keer in de vier jaar vindt de grootste race ter wereld plaats. Locatie: de Verenigde Staten. Op 8 november as. mogen miljoenen Amerikanen op het stembiljet een kruisje zetten bij hun favoriete kandidaat. De primaries zijn zo goed als afgerond en de partijconventies zullen… Read more →


Listen to Trump: Europe must strengthen its role in NATO

30-04-2016 By Rik van Dijk ~ We are getting ripped off by every country in NATO, where they pay virtually nothing, most of them."[1] The presidential travelling carnival that is Donald Trump spoke openly to his audiences about dissolving what he regarded was an obsolete military partnership because of the free rider attitude of its allies… Read more →


Preparing for the Storm

16-04-2016 By Daniël Stuke ~ With the announced shutdown of two additional coal power plants last week, it seems the Netherlands is finally stepping up its efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Sadly, the measure comes a couple decades too late: recent estimates predict the rise in average global… Read more →


Partners in crime: Islamic State and Cosa Nostra

By Ilias Halbgewachs – The Mafia, those masters of fear mongering are not a frequent item on the news outside of Italy but as this article will show the mafia does impact all of Europe and in ways you may not immediately expect. In the mafia Islamic State may have found an unlikely ally… Read more →


Strijd tegen IS ontbeert overkoepelende strategie

Door Friso M.S. Stevens – Het kabinetsbesluit voor deelname aan de coalitie tegen Islamitische Staat (IS) werd ogenschijnlijk binnen enkele weken genomen. Daar waar de PvdA jarenlang de kabinetten Balkenende kastijdde over de politieke steun die Balkenende I gaf aan de invasie van Irak in 2003, gingen de sociaaldemocraten na wat volkenrechtelijke aarzelingen in september… Read more →


Security threats in Europe's neighbourhood

Echoes from Georgia in Ukraine today [1] – By Françoise Companjen and Werner Kiel – The 2014 events in Ukraine have given a strong incentive to rethink EU-Russian relations. These international relations are embedded in a complex network of security, energy and economic trade forces, involving not only the EU and the OSCE, but… Read more →


Binnenkort in JASON magazine: Het einde van Siberië?

Het einde van Siberië? Het volgende nummer heeft als thema separatisme van het verleden en vandaag: Libië, Nagorno-Karabakh, Zuid-Soedan, Noord-Ierland, Oekraïne en Georgië. Het artikel over separatisme in Siberië door Werner Kiel belicht immigratie, economische ontwikkeling, en andere belangrijke aspecten van dit proces in Ruslands verre achterland. Door Werner Kiel In zijn satirische roman Het… Read more →


Binnenkort in JASON Magazine: Waarom steunt een meerderheid van de bevolking het Egyptische leger?

De 'dangerous gamble' van de legerleiding in Egypte Het juninummer van JASON Magazine zal aan Revoluties in Europa, Zuid-Amerika, Midden-Oosten en Azië. Ivo Roodbergen analyseert in zijn artikel aan de hand van gesprekken met betrokkenen waarom de Egyptenaren nu weer kiezen voor het Egyptische leger en een president met een militaire achtergrond na eerdere protesten… Read more →


Soon in JASON Magazine: Thailand's Current Crisis – A Democratic Revolution?

The June issue of JASON Magazine will be dedicated to Revolutions in Europe, South-America, Middle-East and Asia. Ralphaela Kormoll analyses in her article the protests in Bangkok against the former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his successors and their demand a return to democracy. By RAPHAELA KORMOLL On January 21, 2014 the Thai government declared… Read more →


The importance of the European Union for the Netherlands

Why should you vote on May 22nd? By Claudia Elion The European Union (EU) is an unique model of co-operation in the 21st century. One could say that no other regional institution has brought so many benefits to countries as the EU has. It combines supragovernmental and intergovernmental elements. In this manner, the EU has… Read more →


Binnenkort in JASON Magazine: De nucleaire veiligheidstop

Door Niels van Willigen[1] Eind maart vindt in Den Haag de Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) plaats. Het wordt de grootste multilaterale top ooit in Nederland gehouden, met 58 regeringsleiders en/of staatshoofden. De NSS is een voorbeeld van een ad hoc diplomatiek proces, waarbij staten niet worden gehinderd door bureaucratische processen die bijvoorbeeld de Verenigde Naties… Read more →


Struggle for power, glory to Ukraine

By Natalia Kadenko – Ukrainians have always taken politics personally – their increasingly cynical political humour is a mark of a profound idealism. These days you can hardly hear people talk about anything else beside the ongoing protests; the amount of sophisticated political analysis surrounding you in the streets, cafes and public transport makes you… Read more →


A Blog: An out-of-the-box summer internship: the travails of one lucky intern

Four different phones are ringing at the same time, one call immediately followed by the next. People are running around, discussing with each other, trying to put some sense and order into the chaos. New information flows in every minute, plans and statements change, arrangements have to be adjusted within minutes. E-mails, Facebook messages and… Read more →


Piracy charges for Greenpeace 'extreme and disproportionate'?

Pieter Rademakers – A group of Greenpeace has tried to get aboard of a Gazprom oil platform in the Barents Sea, more precisely in international waters, according to media reports. Camera footage shows indeed at least two persons climbed the platform, while several others in some rubber boats floated aside of the oil rig. The… Read more →


Libanon: kruitvat of asylum?

De bloedige burgeroorlog in Syrië raast nog steeds in haar volle verschrikking door. De oorlog heeft het land volledig verscheurd, maar zal het ook zijn buurlanden meeslepen in het strijdgewoel? Zal het kleine buurlandje dat Libanon heet, deze storm kunnen weerstaan? Christiaan Duinmaijer Libanon mag klein zijn qua oppervlakte, maar is groot wat betreft zijn… Read more →


Verleden, heden en toekomst van Afghanistan

Interview met Khalil Wedad, stichting Samenwerking Afghanistan-Nederland (SAN) Khalil Wedad, een amicale man van in de vijftig, woont met zijn vrouw en zoon sinds 1997 in Nederland. Geboren in de Panjshirvallei in noordwestelijk Afghanistan, groeide Khalil op in Kaboel. In 1982 vertrok hij als uitwisselingsstudent naar de Sovjet-Unie, waar hij in 1996 zou promoveren op… Read more →


To The Future World: Should Europe Vote for the U.S. President?

Yesterday one of the most influential countries in the world called upon its citizens to decide the cost of healthcare and tax rates, as well as the future of some minor issues like Palestine and Iran. Yes, we, the international security experts from all over the world, have to keep in mind that we are… Read more →


De Griekse crisis en de gevolgen voor de internationale veiligheid

De huidige economische crisis wordt voornamelijk gezien als het resultaat van mismanagement bij Amerikaanse financiële dienstverleners en de grote financiële onkunde van Griekenland, een samenloop van omstandigheden waar de rest van Europa de dupe van lijkt te worden. De eurozone wankelt en haar leden gaan gebukt onder een zware lastenverhoging die sommige zelfs haast de… Read more →


Combating Malnutrition: More Than a Moral Imperative

“The silent hunger crisis — affecting one sixth of all of humanity — poses a serious risk for world peace and security." [1] The world population is growing, and the arable land is decreasing. For example China has to feed 1.3 billion people, but only has seven per cent of the world's arable land of which… Read more →